Items filtered by date: January 2023
Plantar fasciitis is a foot condition that affects the heel. The pain may begin as a dull ache and gradually increase to become extremely uncomfortable. Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the plantar fascia, which is the portion of tissue found on the bottom of the foot connecting the heel to the toes. There are various reasons why the plantar fascia becomes inflamed, such as wearing shoes that do not fit correctly and standing on hard surfaces for most of the day. Runners often experience plantar fasciitis due to the repetitive motion that is required. People who are overweight or pregnant may also be prone to developing this condition, in addition to those with high arches or flat feet. The pain from plantar fasciitis may be worse in the morning upon arising, or after sitting for an extended period. Plantar fasciitis is a condition that is treated by a podiatrist, and it is strongly suggested that you schedule an appointment for a proper diagnosis and effective treatment plan.
Plantar fasciitis is a common foot condition that is often caused by a strain injury. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact the foot specialists from Marvel Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. The plantar fascia is a ligament that connects your heel to the front of your foot. When this ligament becomes inflamed, plantar fasciitis is the result. If you have plantar fasciitis you will have a stabbing pain that usually occurs with your first steps in the morning. As the day progresses and you walk around more, this pain will start to disappear, but it will return after long periods of standing or sitting.
What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?
- Excessive running
- Having high arches in your feet
- Other foot issues such as flat feet
- Pregnancy (due to the sudden weight gain)
- Being on your feet very often
There are some risk factors that may make you more likely to develop plantar fasciitis compared to others. The condition most commonly affects adults between the ages of 40 and 60. It also tends to affect people who are obese because the extra pounds result in extra stress being placed on the plantar fascia.
- Take good care of your feet – Wear shoes that have good arch support and heel cushioning.
- Maintain a healthy weight
- If you are a runner, alternate running with other sports that won’t cause heel pain
There are a variety of treatment options available for plantar fasciitis along with the pain that accompanies it. Additionally, physical therapy is a very important component in the treatment process. It is important that you meet with your podiatrist to determine which treatment option is best for you.
Flat shoes are all too common among the general public. For example, canvas shoes and flip-flops are flat shoes that have next to no cushioning or support. Yet despite this, they can be exceedingly popular among many people. However, consistently wearing flat shoes can cause the feet a considerable amount of pain. As a general rule, someone who cares about the health of their feet should minimize the extent to which they are wearing shoes with no arch support. Additionally, shoes that have extremely thin soles are generally not a wise decision to make if you are struggling with foot pain of any kind. If you currently have foot pain or are wearing flat shoes, contact a podiatrist today to schedule an appointment. This foot specialist will be able to help you address any problems you are having. A podiatrist can answer your questions or treat any foot conditions you may have.
Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with the foot specialists from Marvel Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Bone Spurs
- Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Ingrown Toenails
- Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
- Flat Feet
- Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
- And more
To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.
Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.
The tibial nerve connects the back of the leg to the inner ankle. Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when this nerve becomes pinched and can happen if an injury has occurred. It may also develop if a surrounding tendon becomes inflamed, or from rolling the ankle inward while running. Common symptoms that are generally associated with tarsal tunnel syndrome often include a soreness in the arch or sole of the foot, and the affected area may tingle or become numb. Temporary relief may be found when supportive shoes, custom made orthotics, or arch supports are worn. If you have pain in this part of your foot, it is strongly suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can determine what the cause is, and offer correct treatment techniques.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact the foot specialists of Marvel Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.
Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
- Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
- At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.
The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
- The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
- If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.
A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.
Knowing how the feet and lower legs function can dramatically increase one’s ability to care for the feet. One important aspect of knowing how the feet work is being aware of certain syndromes that can affect the feet and lower legs. Restless leg syndrome is one such syndrome that individuals ought to be aware of. This syndrome occurs when an individual has an overpowering urge to move the legs, for example, due to feelings of discomfort, a desire to stretch, or prickling sensations. As a result, the individual frequently must move their legs, and this is often something that disrupts sleep. In other words, one’s quality of sleep can be reduced because of restless leg syndrome and the leg movement that it can cause. Of course, restless leg syndrome is just one of many different kinds of syndromes that can affect the feet and lower legs. If you are interested in learning more about the biomechanics of the feet and syndromes that can develop, contact a podiatrist today.
Biomechanics in Podiatry
Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.
A History of Biomechanics
- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.
Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.
Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.
Have you noticed a bony protrusion on the side of your big toe? If so, you may have developed the foot condition known as a bunion. Don't let bunions interfere with your daily activities.
A bunion is identified as a bony protrusion that gradually forms on the side of the big toe. It affects women more than men, and this may be a result of the type of shoes that are frequently worn. High heels fall into this category, because they have little room for the toes to move freely in. Limiting the time wearing high heels is suggested. If medical attention is not sought, the growing bunion can cause the other toes to shift toward each other, and larger shoes may need to be purchased. Research has shown that men are also affected by bunions, most commonly due to genetic reasons. Foot structure and bunions tend to run in families, and it is beneficial for men to be aware of the type of shoes they choose to wear. Effective prevention methods include buying shoes that can adequately accommodate the width of the toes. If you have a bunion, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can determine what the right course of treatment is for you.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts