The Achilles tendon attaches the calf muscle to the heel bone at the back of the foot. Some people have heel bones with a more prominent bump at this location. They may also wear tight or stiff shoes, such as high heels, that rub against this area. This combination of a bony prominence in the heel bone and pressure from footwear can squeeze the soft tissue between the heel and the shoe. This can inflame the tissue and cause it to thicken into a bump that further pressurizes the soft tissue and causes pain. This condition is known as Haglund’s deformity, or “pump bump.” Having very high arches or a tight Achilles tendon can also increase a person’s risk for developing Haglund’s deformity. Symptoms may include a visible bump, redness, swelling, and pain at the back of the heel, especially when wearing certain shoes. A podiatrist can reduce symptoms of Haglund’s deformity with a variety of conservative treatments and therapies. Reach out to a podiatrist if you are experiencing any of the symptoms discussed here to get the relief you deserve.
Many people suffer from bouts of heel pain. For more information, contact the foot specialists of Marvel Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Causes of Heel Pain
Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.
Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.
Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.
Why Might Heel Pain Occur?
- Wearing ill-fitting shoes
- Wearing non-supportive shoes
- Weight change
- Excessive running
Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.